realenglishfruit

Top fruit tree growing advice and information from Real English Fruit

Monthly Archives: October 2012

Pixie

Pixie

Pixie. Photo courtesy of whatamieating.com/flickr.com

This is a delicious small crisp apple. It will keep in cool conditions to well into the New Year. It should not be picked until well into October. Taste it first before you pick it. By nature, all small apples keep better when compared with larger ones. To ensure good fruit size in the variety Pixie, make sure that the tree structure is kept open so that light can penetrate throughout the canopy. Pixie is a healthy tree and a good pollinator.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

“Grease-banding” fruit trees

Grease bands around tree and stake. Photo courtesy Royal Horticultural Society

Some of you may remember The Grease Band from the 1970s, they played with Joe Cocker and featured in a memorable performance at Woodstock. But in this article I’m talking about soil rather than rock!

If you would like to reduce the harmful effect of caterpillars in the early spring, munching away on the newly appearing blossoms and young fruitlets, without applying chemicals and insecticides, then grease bands are an old-fashioned but highly effective method. It is all based on the principle that certain female species of various insects are wingless and begin to crawl their way up the tree, via the trunk or low-hanging, ground-touching branches. The stake next to the tree may be used as a route to climb into the tree. The pests I am referring to are the larvae of the Winter Moth, the Mottled Umber Moth and the Vapourer Moth. These larvae, once they have arrived at their destination, will begin to deposit their eggs around the fruit buds and in the crevices of the bark all over the tree. No damage occurs this time of the year. When the winter has passed and the temperatures begin to increase, then the eggs of the larvae, deposited this time of the year, will produce lots and lots of little caterpillars. These will begin their munching feast on all that freshly-appearing green foliage. Then, worse still, once blossom time is over, they will then start chomping away at the young fruitlets just as they are appearing.

It is now – early-mid October – that the larvae of those insects begin their journey from the soil into the trees. If applied correctly, the grease bands will trap them. Follow the instructions on the packet. Any good garden centre stocks them at this time of the year. Keep your grease bands in place to the end of April as in the spring other insects will also try to climb into the tree for the same purpose. Grease bands are therefore very valuable not only at this time of the year but also during warm days in the winter and the spring, repelling all sorts of creepy crawlers. Remember to attach them to the stake as well.

Some types of grease are applied directly to the tree trunk. Photo courtesy of veggies-only.blogspot.it

To tell the truth, I have only ever used grease bands of the type in which the sticky stuff is on sheets of plastic, so that the grease itself is not in contact with the trunk. There are types of grease sold in tubs that can be applied direct to the trunk of your fruit trees, as shown in the photo. Perhaps someone could tell me about their experience on this. In any case, another thing that should be done at this time is to cut the low ground-touching branches back to at least 18 inches above soil level

Now, if you have a nice little orchard with wire netting around it, keeping the chickens in, then most of these wingless insects will have been consumed by the chickens. There is no better way of biological control of various pests, than having lovely egg-laying chickens settled in your orchard. What’s more it is a wonderful way of not only daily collecting the chicken eggs, but also at the same time keeping an eye on your beautiful fruit trees.

If you’d like to order some trees, take a look at our main website. P.S., we don’t sell chickens!

Pitmaston Pine Apple

Pitmaston Pine Apple

Pitmaston Pine Apple. Photo courtesy of Lawrence Wright/flickr.com

This is a well flavoured smallish apple particularly suited to the wetter parts of the UK. It has a high level of resistance to scab which often disfigures many varieties in areas of high rainfall. It is a small russety apple in need of good pollination. It is fairly upright and forms useful spurs. It also ripens in September and will keep in cool conditions for a couple of months. Mice love it as well!

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Peasgood Nonsuch

Peasgood Nonsuch. Photo courtesy of Anne (Helen) Devereux/flickr.com

This apple wins beauty contests. It is so handsome and at the same time it is a wonderful dual purpose apple. It needs good pollinators in order to set a regular crop. I would use Egremont Russet as an early flowering variety backed up with Fiesta or Red Pippin as a later flowering same group variety. Peasgood Nonsuch is usually ready to pick by the middle of September. It will have a storage life to about the end of September.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Orleanne’s Reinette

Orleanne’s Reinette. Photo courtesy of Whatamieating.com/flickr

A very good tasting apple. Small in size but lovely and crisp. Keeps well and, provided it is well pollinated, it tends to settle down very quickly with good crops. Needs thinning in the heavy setting years. Tends to drop early if the soil is dry. Is a good keeping apple provided the apple is picked before it is fully mature.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Newton Wonder

Newton's Wonder

Newton’s Wonder. Photo courtesy of Clive Barker/flickr.com

This is a good cooking apple. Good size and good level of acidity. Suitable for the north of England. However in my own personal experience it has one weakness; it is prone to bitter pit. That means that in the flesh of the apple there are brown spots of a corky nature. It does best on soils with a pH of 6 to 6.3. In these conditions, it remains relatively free from bitter pit trouble. It’s not really suitable for growing on alkaline soils. Picking by mid October is about right. Picked too early it tends to develop bitterpit again.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Lord Derby

Lord Derby, image courtesy whatamieating.com/flickr.com

This is one of those cooking apples which may perform reasonably well on soils where Bramley or Howgate Wonder fail to grow. It is a cooking apple which ripens before Bramley and will do well on cold, wet and slow-draining soil. However no fruit tree succeeds on permanently waterlogged soil. It will need some fruit thinning in early June in order to produce fruit of sufficient size. It is a green apple which, as it matures, slowly turns yellow. It is best not to keep the fruit later than November. It makes good apple sauce. As it flowers late, it is quite resistant to spring frosts. It is self-fertile and a good pollinator for other apple varieties.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Limelight

Limelight

Limelight

This is a relatively new apple introduced in the 1980s. A well-flavoured good green eating apple, which is ready to eat in the September/October period. It crops well and regularly. It has a good resistance to spring frosts and is therefore suitable for growing in the north of England. It doesn’t need a lot of room and is very suitable for growing in a smaller garden.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Laxton Superb

Laxton Superb, image courtesy Eivind Kvamme/flickr.com

A very heavy cropper every other year. Branches will need to be supported to stop them from breaking under the weight of the fruit. Therefore it pays to thin the fruits out in early June. Also the size of the fruit will then be better. It is a good keeping apple but it should not be used as a pollinator. The tree needs to be staked well in case the heavy crop coincides with a gale just before picking time.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Laxton Fortune

Laxton Fortune. Image courtesy Lathcoats Farm Shop/flickr.com

This is not a particularly large apple or a heavy cropping tree. It is a mid-season apple which ripens well on the tree in mid September. It has a wonderful taste and is sweet and particularly juicy when fully ripe. It needs to be pollinated well, as it is not self-fertile. Good pollinators are for example Red Pippin also called Fiesta, Red Falstaff and Egremont Russet to name a few. It is most suitable for growing on rootstock M26. It can then be planted within a reasonably small space. Keeping quality 3 to 4 weeks if kept really cool, such as in the bottom of the fridge.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order