realenglishfruit

Top fruit tree growing advice and information from Real English Fruit

Tag Archives: apple variety

Ellis Bitter

 

Ellis Bitter

Ellis Bitter

Ellis Bitter is a very precocious variety. It forms a fine, self-sterile tree (a pollinator – another apple tree – is required) with wide-angled branches. It is a tip-bearer, producing bitter-sweet, large, conical fruit that is ready to harvest in late September. The fruit tends to drop when it is ripe. It apparently originates from Devon in the 19th century, from a farm owned by one Mr. Ellis.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties in a provisional order

Camelot

 

Camelot

Camelot

A vigorous tree that produces attractive pink blossom, and then large, sharp, bitter fruit that resembles Newton Wonder in appearance. It crops fairly late. As well as for cider, the fruit is excellent for making apple sauce. The variety is disease-resistant. It was introduced in Somerset in 1850.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties in a provisional order

Planning a new orchard

Well-rotted manure

Well-rotted manure. Photo courtesy The Word Factory Ltd/flickr.com

To create a successful multi fruit orchard, it is very important to carry out the various soil preparations during this time of the year. The winter months, the correct time to plant fruit trees, are often not good for soil preparation, as the soil is already too cold and handles badly. The quality of the soil in the planting hole will determine how quickly and how well the newly-planted tree settles down in its new home.

The rootstocks that you will be using depends on the space available for planting fruit trees. Dwarf rootstocks are recommended when limited space is available. If a good deal of space is available, then the trees would do best if planted on semi-vigorous stock such as MM106, Quince A and St Julien A. These trees need to be planted approximately 3.5 to 4 metres apart. The exact number of trees needed also depends on the proximity of other large trees, such as hedgerow trees, oak, ash and sycamore. Fruit trees do badly when planted on the live roots of other trees. Follow this link to find out more about tree size and rootstocks.

I think that it is a good idea to set out the orchard at this time of year, initially using 6-foot tall bamboo canes. This way you can mark the planting spots of your new trees, in relation to hedgerows, buildings etc.; it gives you an idea of how the new multi-fruit orchard will look. Variety choices can only be made once you have decided which type of fruit you want to plant. Follow this link to view a list of fruit tree varieties.

The ideal pH of the soil is 6.3 to 6.8. Outside those limits, nutritional deficiencies will occur when the trees get older. Fruit trees love well-rotted good organic stable manure, provided straw is used as a base material and not sawdust or wood chips. The more manure you can work into the ground during the summer months, the better the trees will perform in years to come.

Pitmaston Pine Apple

Pitmaston Pine Apple

Pitmaston Pine Apple. Photo courtesy of Lawrence Wright/flickr.com

This is a well flavoured smallish apple particularly suited to the wetter parts of the UK. It has a high level of resistance to scab which often disfigures many varieties in areas of high rainfall. It is a small russety apple in need of good pollination. It is fairly upright and forms useful spurs. It also ripens in September and will keep in cool conditions for a couple of months. Mice love it as well!

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Peasgood Nonsuch

Peasgood Nonsuch. Photo courtesy of Anne (Helen) Devereux/flickr.com

This apple wins beauty contests. It is so handsome and at the same time it is a wonderful dual purpose apple. It needs good pollinators in order to set a regular crop. I would use Egremont Russet as an early flowering variety backed up with Fiesta or Red Pippin as a later flowering same group variety. Peasgood Nonsuch is usually ready to pick by the middle of September. It will have a storage life to about the end of September.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Orleanne’s Reinette

Orleanne’s Reinette. Photo courtesy of Whatamieating.com/flickr

A very good tasting apple. Small in size but lovely and crisp. Keeps well and, provided it is well pollinated, it tends to settle down very quickly with good crops. Needs thinning in the heavy setting years. Tends to drop early if the soil is dry. Is a good keeping apple provided the apple is picked before it is fully mature.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Newton Wonder

Newton's Wonder

Newton’s Wonder. Photo courtesy of Clive Barker/flickr.com

This is a good cooking apple. Good size and good level of acidity. Suitable for the north of England. However in my own personal experience it has one weakness; it is prone to bitter pit. That means that in the flesh of the apple there are brown spots of a corky nature. It does best on soils with a pH of 6 to 6.3. In these conditions, it remains relatively free from bitter pit trouble. It’s not really suitable for growing on alkaline soils. Picking by mid October is about right. Picked too early it tends to develop bitterpit again.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Limelight

Limelight

Limelight

This is a relatively new apple introduced in the 1980s. A well-flavoured good green eating apple, which is ready to eat in the September/October period. It crops well and regularly. It has a good resistance to spring frosts and is therefore suitable for growing in the north of England. It doesn’t need a lot of room and is very suitable for growing in a smaller garden.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Laxton Superb

Laxton Superb, image courtesy Eivind Kvamme/flickr.com

A very heavy cropper every other year. Branches will need to be supported to stop them from breaking under the weight of the fruit. Therefore it pays to thin the fruits out in early June. Also the size of the fruit will then be better. It is a good keeping apple but it should not be used as a pollinator. The tree needs to be staked well in case the heavy crop coincides with a gale just before picking time.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order

Laxton Fortune

Laxton Fortune. Image courtesy Lathcoats Farm Shop/flickr.com

This is not a particularly large apple or a heavy cropping tree. It is a mid-season apple which ripens well on the tree in mid September. It has a wonderful taste and is sweet and particularly juicy when fully ripe. It needs to be pollinated well, as it is not self-fertile. Good pollinators are for example Red Pippin also called Fiesta, Red Falstaff and Egremont Russet to name a few. It is most suitable for growing on rootstock M26. It can then be planted within a reasonably small space. Keeping quality 3 to 4 weeks if kept really cool, such as in the bottom of the fridge.

Click here to go to the Tree Varieties page, where you can select this and other varieties with a provisional order