realenglishfruit

Top fruit tree growing advice and information from Real English Fruit

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Growing raspberries

Photo courtesy of Liralen Li/flickr.com

Photo courtesy of Liralen Li/flickr.com

Raspberry canes are reliable croppers, provided the soil is not waterlogged, the canes are supported and the plants are not short of water during the growing season.
For that reason we advise you to mulch the canes, supplying them adequately with well-rotted farmyard manure.

Plant from November to March, best if earlier, in winter, so that the root system has time to develop. Always plant the canes on ridges of 40 cm width and 20 cm height. The top roots need to be an inch below soil level. Newly-planted canes need to be cut back 6 to 12 inches, above soil level.
In June, cut all surplus cane back to ground level. Leave 4 to 6 of the strongest canes per plant.
Summer cropping raspberry canes crop the following year. Autumn raspberries crop on the current’s year cane growth.
In January, cut back autumn raspberry canes to 3” from ground level.
On summer-cropping raspberries, cut out all canes which had a crop.
Do this as soon as the picking season is over.

Summary:
Raspberries are a wonderful crop to grow. The soil preparations before planting are fundamental in ensuring that the canes grow well. The following points are of great importance:
1) Raspberries hate to be waterlogged. Make sure that in every season, surplus water will disappear from the root zone, within 48 hours.
2) Never let your raspberries go short of water during the summer months. Roots will explore up to a depth of soil of 60 cm.
3) Organic matter on an annual basis is a fantastic tonic to the plants. Well-rotted straw-based farmyard manure is ideal. Spread it on either side of the canes, without touching the canes. Mulch the canes to stop weeds from competing for moisture.
4) Plant the canes 40 to 45 cm apart. Use potted canes, or rootwrap instead of bare root canes. The roots of raspberry canes dry out very quickly if bare-rooted, during unfavourable dry weather conditions.
5) If the canes are growing well, do not let them swing about in the wind. Give the canes good support and tie them from 50 cm and upwards on to horizontal plastic covered wires. Or you can lead the new growth between 2 horizontal wires, kept apart by short spacers, which are firmly fitted to the vertical stakes.
6) Only use healthy virus free canes.

Photo courtesy of Karen Jackson/flickr.com

Photo courtesy of Karen Jackson/flickr.com

RealEnglishFruit does not sell raspberry canes, but you can buy quality fruit trees from our website, just follow this link!

Top ten fruit growing tips for July

Bumble bee

Bumble bee

1. It is very important for the health and welfare of bees to grow the right type of flowering plants favoured by bees for pollen and honey gathering, throughout the summer months. I t doesn’t need to be complicated. At this time of the year Angelica and red clover are definite favourites. Bumble bees are always on the look out for disused mice tracks in the soil. That’s where it likes to build its nest for the queen.

2. Red currants, raspberries, blueberries and blackberries are now beginning to ripen. Late-picked gooseberries are sweeter than the ones picked in June.

3. Support heavily cropping branches of plums, apples and pears. However, overcropping will greatly reduce next year’s crop. To reduce the threat of the silver leaf fungus entering via broken branches of too heavy-cropping plum trees , drastically reduce the number of fruits now and space the fruits 6 inches apart, leaving the best sized fruits.

4. Space the apples six inches apart, after the middle of July.

5. Check weeds around trees and bushes. Tie in the newly-forming shoots of loganberries, blackberries and tayberries.

6. Tie in the replacement shoots of peaches. Check the fruit cage for holes in the netting. Birds are good at finding the holes and eating your cherries, redcurrants, blueberries and raspberries.

7. Check tree ties. Too many trees are severely damaged due to ingrowing ties.

8. Place the pheromone traps to reduce the damage caused by caterpillars of the codling moth and plum sawfly now.

9. All fruits need a steady supply of moisture. Check the soil. If too dry, apply water at 10 day intervals.

10. If apple and pear shoots are growing too strongly, remove the growing tips of the new growth. Carry out summer pruning where trees are becoming too dense and light is excluded.

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